Among the dismal track records for statewide online higher education initiatives, California’s is unquestionably the worst. It started in 1997 when California Virtual University was established by UC, CSU, the California Community College system, and independent colleges as a clearinghouse for existing online course offerings. Following a lack of funding, planning and leadership, CVU was abandoned in 1999.
In recent years, California witnessed the failure of UC Online. UC Online was an ambitious effort to enroll students from around the world.